Is it who or whom?

from Grammarly Blog

Grammar Basics: How to Use “Whom”

Whom is not a subject. Whom is a direct object of a verb.
Whom is one of the most confusing pronouns. Many people wonder how to use it. Is it a subject? Is it an object? Here are the simple answers.

  • Whom is not a subject.
  • Whom can be the direct object of a verb.
  • Whom did the waiter serve first? (The waiter served whom first?)
  • Whom is also used in a relative clause that describes a noun that is an object.

*The company hired the musician whom I recommended.

  • Whom can serve as the object of a preposition.

*With whom does Belinda plan to go to the dance?

*The man from whom Alexis received the letter works at the supermarket.

  • In casual speech and writing, people usually use who even when whom is technically correct. If you are still a little confused, try the substitution trick to determine whether to use who or whom. Mentally answer whom questions with the pronouns “him” or “her.”

*To whom does this pen belong? The pen belongs to him. This response makes sense, so whom is correct.

*Whom is coming to the party on Saturday? Her is coming. This reply does not sound right. You should replace whom with who.

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